Radicalisation in the prison environment

Deliverable RP-05-2018. A rather important part of the literature dedicated to radicalisation within the prison environment is largely based on the underlying assumption that prison and prison’s experience are essentially a crucial place and moment in the causal and mechanical chain leading to extreme violence.

Prevention of radicalisation in Molenbeek

Deliverable AFFECT-RP-6-2018.

In contrast to the social, political and media-fueled stigmatisation which the district of Molenbeek and its residents have endured over the last few years, the general aim of the present research paper is to contribute to a better understanding of a thorny and still sensitive issue, and to develop a less emotionally charged and knee-jerk approach to the question of prevention of radicalisation.

Authors: Fabienne Brion & Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet

Date: November 2018

Download AFFECT-RP-6-2018-BRION-GUITTET-Prevention of radicalisation in Molenbeek-VF

Radical, radicalism and radicalisation

Deliverable AFFECT-RP4-2018. There has been considerable political and academic interest recently in studying ‘radicalisation’ and a multiplicity of research programmes aimed at developing alternative ways of engaging with the issue, evaluating strategies and suggesting policy directions. Very often, radical, radicalism and radicalisation are used as inseparable concepts, coherent entities and eloquent words. Yet, the threshold between holding ‘radical’ views and becoming violent is still the subject of many academic debates and it is not entirely certain that the notions of radical, radicalism and radicalisation really help to clarify and may even have contributed to obscure the scope of the debate. The term radicalisation is an unhelpful concept to understand the context, contents and mechanisms of recruitment, activism, violence and escalation. There is little hard evidence that proves interaction with violent and extreme content (videos and/or discourses) leads to participation in violent and extreme activities. People who become involved in violent activities are not suddenly converted to this path and then inherently stuck with a single-minded line of action. This process is gradual and it is an incremental dynamic full of uncertainty about what might be next. The unfortunately commonly-shared idea that extremism is nothing but the fatal conclusion of an ineluctable linear process is a crucial misunderstanding of the realities of violence. When besieged with emotional appeals, evocative imagery and threatening news, it is certainly not easy to disrupt this taken-for-granted assumption that violence and warfare are appropriate responses to violence. The question of whether such measures could contribute to increasing the risk of escalation of violence and the further exclusion of an already disenfranchised population seems almost forgotten.

Author: Emmanuel-Pierre Guittet

Date: November 2018

Download AFFECT-RP-4-2018-Radicalisation

Women and violent extremism

The analysis of women, gender, and terrorism has been sparse and riddled with stereotypical thinking about women’s capabilities and motivations. Women are rarely associated with devotion to the cause and the longstanding belief that women assume passive and inherently less interesting roles in militant organisations is still very much alive across academic and political spheres.

Download the AFFECT-RP-1-2017-Women and violent extremism

De quoi la radicalisation est-elle le nom?

Conférence-débat avec Rik Coolsaet, Professeur émérite à l’Université de Gand et Fatima Zibouh, chercheuse au Centre d’Etudes de l’Ethnicité et des Migrations à l’‎Université de Liège.

La lutte contre le terrorisme et la prévention de la radicalisation sont devenues les maîtres-mots de nos angoisses politiques et sociales contemporaines. Mais de quoi parlons-nous vraiment lorsque ces termes de terrorisme et de radicalisation sont invoqués ? De quoi la radicalisation est-elle le nom ?

Lundi 27 Mars 2017 – La Fonderie, Musée bruxellois des Industries et du Travail, salle des ciseleurs

 

Le phénonmène de radicalisme à Molenbeek – Entretien avec Johan De Becker

Un an après les attentats, le chef de corps de la zone Bruxelles-Ouest, Johan De Becker, fait le point sur le phénomène de radicalisme à Molenbeek. Entretien paru dans DHNET.be, le 19 mars 2017. (lire la suite)

À la tête de la zone de police Bruxelles-Ouest (Molenbeek, Jette, Berchem, Koekelberg et Ganshoren) depuis 2002, le chef de corps Johan De Becker a accepté d’évoquer l’évolution de la situation du point de vue du radicalisme et de la sécurité à Molenbeek. Pour cet officier supérieur en charge d’un des territoires les plus sensibles du pays, les collaborations mises récemment en place entre le Parquet, les polices fédérale et locale et l’administration communale ont permis de nombreux progrès dans le cadre de la lutte contre le radicalisme. Johan De Becker souligne néanmoins une énième fois les problèmes de sous-effectifs de sa zone et insiste : la sécurité à Molenbeek passera aussi par l’amélioration des conditions de vie de ses habitants (lire la suite)

« A ce stade, la déradicalisation est un véritable fiasco »

Créée le 16 mars à l’initiative d’Esther Benbassa, à qui s’est jointe Catherine Troendlé, sénatrice LR du Haut-Rhin, la mission d’information sur la « déradicalisation » de la Commission des lois du Sénat a mené de nombreuses auditions durant le second trimestre 2016. la politique de déradicalisation est un échec (article publié dans Le Figaro, 21 Février 2017). Le seul centre de déradicalisation en France ne déradicalise plus personne (l’Express, 09 février 2017).

Prevention, repression and radicalisation in France: an interview with Laurent Mucchielli

Laurent Mucchielli is a sociologist and senior researcher at the CNRS (National Scientific Research Centre, Paris), attached to the Laboratoire Méditerranéen de Sociologie (LAMES, Aix-en-Provence). He is the founder and director of the Observatoire régional de la délinquance et des contextes sociaux (ORDCS) at the University of Aix-Marseille. He has published numerous books and articles on juvenile offending, the sociology of offending, corruption and public security policies. Against the background of the prolongation of the state of emergency in France and the fight against terrorism, he offers unflinching analysis on topics ranging from video surveillance and radicalisation to the arming of French municipal police officers. Read the full interview on Explosivepolitics.com